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Anti-Poverty Measures in India
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
- Started on April 1, 1999. It has replaced the following programs.
- Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) : Started in 1978 – 1979.
- Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) : Started in 1978 – 1979.
- Ganga Kalyan Yojana (GKY) : Started in 1997.
- Million Wells Scheme (MWS) : Started in 1989.
- Supply of Improved Tool – kits to Rural Artisans (SITRA) : Started in 1992.
- The Yojana takes into account all the strengths and weaknesses of the earlier self – employment programs.
- It AIMS at establishing a large number of micro – enterprises in the rural areas.
- Every assisted family will be brought above the poverty line. It is proposed to cover 30% of the rural poor in each block.
- To target at least 50% Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, 40% Women and 3% disabled.
- Shared 75 : 25 by Centre and States.