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Soils in India - Forest and Mountain Soils
Geography
Contents
Soils in India
Red Soil
Laterite Soil
Forest and Mountain Soils
Arid and Desert Soils
Saline and Alkaline Soils
Peaty and Marshy Soils
Soil Erosion in India

Forest and Mountain Soils

  • Such soils are mainly found on the hill slopes covered by forests. The formation of these soils is mainly governed by the characteristic deposition of organic matter derived from forest growth.
  • In the Himalayan region, such soils are mainly found in valley basins, depressions and less steeply inclined slopes. Apart from the Himalayan region, the forest soils occur in higher hills in south and the peninsular region.
  • Very rich in humus but are deficient in Potash, phosphorous and lime and needs fertilizers.
  • Plantation of tea, coffee, spices and tropical fruits.



 

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