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Soils in India - Laterite Soil
Geography
Contents
Soils in India
Red Soil
Laterite Soil
Forest and Mountain Soils
Arid and Desert Soils
Saline and Alkaline Soils
Peaty and Marshy Soils
Soil Erosion in India

Laterite Soil in India

  • Found in typical monsoon conditions – under conditions of high temperature and heavy rainfall with alternate wet and dry periods. The alterations of wet and dry season leads to the leaching away of siliceous matter and lime of the rocks and a soil rich in oxides of iron and aluminium compounds is left behind.
  • Found in parts of Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, Rajmahal hills, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Orissa, West Bengal, Assam, Tamil Nadu, etc.
  • Poor in nitrogen and minerals.
  • Best for tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut and suitable for rice and millet cultivation if manured.



 

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