Constitutional Development in India - Charter Act - 1833
History
Contents
Constitutional Development in India
Pitts Act of 1784
Charter Act - 1793
Charter Act - 1813
Charter Act - 1833
Charter Act - 1853
Government of India Act 1858
The Indian Council Act 1861
The Indian Council Act 1892
Morley – Minto Reforms
Montague – Chelmsford Reforms
Government of India Act 1935

Charter Act - 1833

  • End of Company’s monopoly even in tea and trade with China. Company was asked to close its commercial business at the earliest.
  • All restrictions on European immigration into India and acquisition of land and property in India by them were removed, legalizing European colonization of India.
  • Governor General of Bengal to be Governor General of India; all powers, administrative and financial, were centralized in the hands of the Governor – General – in – Council. (1st Governor General of India – Lord William Bentinck).
  • President of Board of Control became the minister for Indian affairs.
  • A law member (without power to vote) was added to the Executive Council of the Governor General. Macaulay was the first Law member. This increased the Council’s strength to four, with it began the Indian Legislature.
  • A law commission was constituted for codification of laws.
  • The Act threw open to ail, irrespective of religion, place of birth, descent and colour, services under the Company.



 

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