Constitutional Development in India - Charter Act - 1853
Article Index
Constitutional Development in India
Pitts Act of 1784
Charter Act - 1793
Charter Act - 1813
Charter Act - 1833
Charter Act - 1853
Government of India Act 1858
The Indian Council Act 1861
The Indian Council Act 1892
Morley – Minto Reforms
Montague – Chelmsford Reforms
Government of India Act 1935

Charter Act of 1853

  • The Act renewed the powers of the Company and allowed it to retain the possession of Indian territories in trust for the British Crown but not for any specified period.
  • The number of members of the Court of Directors was reduced from 24 to 18 of which 6 were to be nominated by the Crown.
  • The Law member was made a full member of the Governor General’s Executive Council.
  • Legislation was treated for the first time as separate from executive functions.
  • Questions could be asked and the policy of the Executive Council could be discussed, though the Executive Council could veto a bill of the Legislative Council.
  • Recruitment to Civil Services was based on open annual competition examination (excluding Indians).


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